Bac Ha is a mountainous district of Lao Cai province, is located in the Northeast, included 14 ethnic groups' re living together in 20 communes and a town. Included ethnic groups such as: H’mong ethnic, Dao ethnic, Tay ethnic, Nung ethnic, La Chi ethnic, Phu La ethnic…Derived from different historical conditions, different life circumstances of each ethnic so they have own cultural costumes.
The ethnic communities in Sapa
There are six ethnic groups living together in Sapa district with total population of 52,899 (according to the population census 1st june 2009). In particular, the Hmong are 27,324 (51,65%) the Dao 12,189 (23,04%) the Kinh 9472 (17,95) the Tày 2507 (4,745) the Giay 720 (1,36%) the Phu La (Xa Pho) 563 (1,06%). The Hmong are divided into three main groups :
Xa pho ethnic minotity came to Viet Nam 200 – 300 years ago. They have about 1.000 people in Lao Cai, concentrate in Sapa and Van Ban dictrict. In Sapa they live mainly in Nam Sai village where far from Sapa town about 35km.
If you attention, you can remotely identify the village of people here:
Dao people was present inViet Namin the Thirteenth century, they prefer to live in separate villages where only the same ethnicity. Their ancestor is Ban Vuong, Dao Do people is one of 12 families of Dao people. The population of the Dao people in Sa Pa now 13,700 people. Dao people preserved many customs and practices such as: Ceremony of “Tet Nhay” to welcome their ancestors for their holiday. Ceremony of “Making citizenship” to confirm the man is mature. Ceremony of “Cap Sac” to ordainment for the shaman…