If anyone has ever visited the villages of the H’Mong people, it will be hard to forget the passionate and fierce of the pan-pipe running through the streams, pervading in the clouds with the trees and flowers, resounding around the forest that create a loving song.
Sapa is a beautiful land not only because of the landscape but also by the convergence of many ethnic groups living together. Arriving here, visitors will be able to enjoy all the colorful dresses of Black Hmong, Red Dao, Tay, Giay and Xa Pho ethnic groups. Each ethnic group is a difference in costumes, lifestyles, customs, farming methods ..., with distinct, rich and mysterious cultural identities.
Bac Ha is a mountainous district of Lao Cai province, is located in the Northeast, included 14 ethnic groups' re living together in 20 communes and a town. Included ethnic groups such as: H’mong ethnic, Dao ethnic, Tay ethnic, Nung ethnic, La Chi ethnic, Phu La ethnic…Derived from different historical conditions, different life circumstances of each ethnic so they have own cultural costumes.
Red Dao people is the second largest population after H'Mong people in Sa Pa. Also originating from Yunnan - China, Red Dao people are a small part of Dao ethnic group immigrated to Vietnam from the thirteenth century to the 40s of the previous century
The ethnic communities in Sapa
There are six ethnic groups living together in Sapa district with total population of 52,899 (according to the population census 1st june 2009). In particular, the Hmong are 27,324 (51,65%) the Dao 12,189 (23,04%) the Kinh 9472 (17,95) the Tày 2507 (4,745) the Giay 720 (1,36%) the Phu La (Xa Pho) 563 (1,06%). The Hmong are divided into three main groups :