The population of the Lao Cai province is combination of ethnic groups. An incredible variety of peoples, some of them are unique in Vietnam and only found on a relatively small area.
If anyone has ever visited the villages of the H’Mong people, it will be hard to forget the passionate and fierce of the pan-pipe running through the streams, pervading in the clouds with the trees and flowers, resounding around the forest that create a lovely song.
Red Dao people is the second largest population after H'Mong people in Sa Pa. Also originating from Yunnan - China, Red Dao people are a small part of Dao ethnic group immigrated to Vietnam from the thirteenth century to the 40s of the previous century
Sapa is an idyllic, mountainous region, popular with trekkers worldwide. The town and its surrounding villages harbor a variety of lesser-known secrets and traditions, with quirky cultural practices which may remain unknown to many of those who visit this picturesque Asian area. Read ahead to discover some unusual facts about the charming little mountain town.
The Mong ethnic groups are one of the few societies in the country who continue to make the majority of the clothes that they wear. Hemp is commonly used to produce the clothing, and many of the designs feature fine embroidery and elaborate patterns. The secret behind the distinctively deep shades of blue exhibited by many of the garments is the use of the indigo plant. Dye is extracted from the plant’s leaves, and they are then fermented to produce a blue powder which is insoluble in water. Blue dyes were once rare, but thanks to this practice much western clothing can incorporate rich blue hues too.
The Black Mong people are an ethnic minority group native to Vietnam. When one member falls ill, there is one peculiar traditional remedy chosen to help relieve any pain; the base of a cow or ox horn is heated to a high temperature and is then used to burn the skin on the patient’s forehead. This unusual practice is said to divert all thoughts away from the illness by redirecting them to the more apparent and searing pain in the head. It is the remnants of these burns which give the Hmong people the characteristic red marks on their foreheads.
Walking around Sapa visitors may find one or two stores which specialize in carving sculptures and ornaments out of stone. Local guides will tell you that not so long ago, only one person in Sapa carved these intricate designs into stone with the intention of selling his designs to tourists. By surprise, his work fascinated many visitors and earned him a lot of money; foreigners were desperate to purchase his beautiful artefacts as souvenirs. The man eventually began to pass on his knowledge and began to teach others his stone carving techniques, and now stunning stonework abounds in Sapa.
Mong ethic has a private language and handwriting usr Latin letters. Normally, when they talk with other minorities ethnics, they use Mandarin- a common language of minority groups in the Northwest of Viet Nam
Sapa is a beautiful land not only because of the landscape but also by the convergence of many ethnic groups living together. Arriving here, visitors will be able to enjoy all the colorful dresses of Black Hmong, Red Dao, Tay, Giay and Xa Pho ethnic groups. Each ethnic group is a difference in costumes, lifestyles, customs, farming methods ..., with distinct, rich and mysterious cultural identities.