Dao people was present inViet Namin the Thirteenth century, they prefer to live in separate villages where only the same ethnicity. Their ancestor is Ban Vuong, Dao Do people is one of 12 families of Dao people. The population of the Dao people in Sa Pa now 13,700 people. Dao people preserved many customs and practices such as: Ceremony of “Tet Nhay” to welcome their ancestors for their holiday. Ceremony of “Making citizenship” to confirm the man is mature. Ceremony of “Cap Sac” to ordainment for the shaman…
Giay people inSaPahas nearly a thousand people are concentrated mainly along the Muong Hoa valley. They prefer to build their big vilages in the fertile lands along streams broad and relatively flat. Their home has 3 spaces, wooden walls, soil ground. The nave is place of a great altar for their ancestors and gods.
Tay people who live in Sa Pa around 2,900 people, concentrated in three communes: Ban Ho, Thanh Phu, Nam Sai.
The traditional costume of red Dao people is very special prominent in Hoang Lien mountain by brilliant red headgear. Especially the natural colors from many kind of trees in the forest. Between the green of the Hoang Lien mountain, you can see girls in the traditional costumes of red Dao people look like the beautiful flowers in the forest. Besides the brilliant red color of girls is the black and blue color of indigo on the cotumes of boys. Red and indigo blue mingles with the green of the mountains to create a unique painting.
Sapa is a beautiful land not only because of the landscape but also by the convergence of many ethnic groups living together. Arriving here, visitors will be able to enjoy all the colorful dresses of Black Hmong, Red Dao, Tay, Giay and Xa Pho ethnic groups. Each ethnic group is a difference in costumes, lifestyles, customs, farming methods ..., with distinct, rich and mysterious cultural identities.