Sapa is a beautiful land not only because of the landscape but also by the convergence of many ethnic groups living together. Arriving here, visitors will be able to enjoy all the colorful dresses of Black Hmong, Red Dao, Tay, Giay and Xa Pho ethnic groups. Each ethnic group is a difference in costumes, lifestyles, customs, farming methods ..., with distinct, rich and mysterious cultural identities.
The H'mong people are the largest ethnic group in Sa Pa, accounting for about 53% of the population. In the past, they were very good rice farmers, living along the Yang zi River (China), in a conflict with the Han ethnic group, most of them migrated south and divided into small groups. The first H'Mong ethnic groups to Sapa were concentrated mainly in the Hoang Lien range from about 300 years ago.
Living in rugged mountains, lacking fertile land, but with the experience of growing rice in the past, the H'mong people have leveled the hills and hills into unique terraced fields, each year can grow one crop of rice or two corn crops. Tourists have the opportunity to Sa Pa in the fall, when the rice is ripe, it will be extremely surprised to see a multitude of terraced fields from low to high, gold and winding winding along the mountainside. It can be said that it is one of the most beautiful scenery in the Northwest high mountains.
Black H'Mong people very friendly with visitors. Photo by Thanh Tuan
About a few dozen years ago, the H'Mong people had a habit of burning forests, leaving wild land for farming fields and shifting cultivation. But now this habithas ended and the State allocated forests, allocated land for self-management and living, Sa Pa forest is also revived, large fields, rich and green.
The H'Mong people who live mainly in Sa Pa are Black H'Mong because their clothes are all black but their clothes are different from the Black Hmong elsewhere, so often called people Sapa H'Mong. Men often wear black or dark blue (indigo) similar, short-sleeved blouses outside wear sleeveless shirts like vests with too long buttocks. On his head was a small, round, shallow hat, covering the top of his head, like a papal hat, with a black body, with a ring with a brocade embroidery ring. Boys' hats are also sewn into colored strips or dangling coins. The woman was also dressed in black, also wearing a black scarf on her head, the vertical rim like a tall scroll over the top of her head. On the outside is a sleeveless jacket, with a flap that is almost as long as a man's. This jacket is rolled with beeswax and is therefore silver in black. In order to preserve it, sometimes people wear the white face on the left side. Especially, Sa Pa H'Mong women wear short pants with knee length, not dress. They wrapped the leg around the calf very well with a narrow band.
Traditional festival of Black H'Mong people. Photo by Thanh Tuan
In the traditional festivals of the H'Mong people, the festival of the 12th of January is the most special. The festival usually takes place in large or hilly fields with the desire to pray to the gods for peace, prosperous. In the festival, there are also contests of archery, crossbow shooting, dancing, martial arts dancing, and horse racing.
In Sa Pa, the H'mong village is the largest one, Cat Cat - San Sa Ho, 2 Km from Sapa town, Sa Pa, Lao Chai, Seo Mi Ty, and Ta Giang Phinh. At that time visitors can directly see how their daily activities, enjoy the victory, chicken soup, corn wine, clones cooked with bamboo shoots, corn cakes and unique ... peanut dishes.