Xa Pho ethnic is the smallest group in Sapa, They live partially in Nam Sai commune. Xa Pho women always make costumes for themselves and othe members in their family. Xa Pho women's costume includes: scarf, shirt, skirt and belt. All of them are skillful handmade with the natural materials of mountains in Sapa.
The woman's traditional costume of Xa Pho people is made from cotton fabric, dyed by indigo and embroidered with colored thread and beads which are planted in each Xa Pho’s family. The shirt is stitched across the fabric between the back and chest, look like a pullovers with the collar is carved out of a square, shoulde are connected at the sleeve. The pattern on the shirt is divided into two distinct parts: From the neck to the bottom of the chest is thinly embroidered with colored thread and the male attaches 4 white beaded lines along the vertical image. The hem of the shirt is decorated with straight parallel lines made of colorful threads of hot color that stand out on the dark blue fabric of Cham. The lower part of the body is embroidered with thick squares, triangles and symmetrical fillings. The sleeves are made entirely of indigo-dyed cotton and dotted with simple embroidery on the wrists with the dominant red tone.The women's skirts of Xa Pho are sewn with small waistband, skirt body assembled from two pieces of indigo-dyed cotton and decorated with elaborate patterns along the length of the skirt. The pattern near the waist is embroidered with elongated rhombus, alternating with brightly colored embroidery, the motifs are mainly pine trees in succession, below are water waves or serrated shapes, fillings and triangles. The outfit is more harmonious and attractive in the connection between the skirt and the shirt with a belt made of white fabric with multi-colored fringes at the end.
In 2014, the art of decorating patterns on Xa Pho’s costumes was recognized as one of the four national intangible heritages of Lao Cai province. This is the pride and challenge of the Xa Pho people in preserving and promoting their traditional culture.